Spectrum cartography techniques, challenges, opportunities, and applications: A survey

Reddy, Yeduri Sreenivasa and Kumar, Abhinav and Pandey, Om Jee and et al, . (2022) Spectrum cartography techniques, challenges, opportunities, and applications: A survey. Elsevier B.V..

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Abstract

The spectrum cartography finds applications in several areas such as cognitive radios, spectrum aware communications, machine-type communications, Internet of Things, connected vehicles, wireless sensor networks, and radio frequency management systems, etc. This paper presents a survey on state-of-the-art of spectrum cartography techniques for the construction of various radio environment maps (REMs). Following a brief overview on spectrum cartography, various techniques considered to construct the REMs such as channel gain map, power spectral density map, power map, spectrum map, power propagation map, radio frequency map, and interference map are reviewed. In this paper, we compare the performance of the different spectrum cartography methods in terms of mean absolute error, mean square error, normalized mean square error, and root mean square error. The information presented in this paper aims to serve as a practical reference guide for various spectrum cartography methods for constructing different REMs. Finally, some of the open issues and challenges for future research and development are discussed. © 2021 The Authors

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Kumar, Abhinavhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5880-4023
Item Type: Other
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Indo-Norwegian Collaboration in Autonomous Cyber–Physical Systems (INCAPS) project: 287918 of the INTPART program and the Low-Altitude UAV Communication and Tracking (LUCAT) project: 280835 of the IKTPLUSS program from the Research Council of Norway.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Channel gain map; Channel state information; Interference map; Mean absolute error (MAE); Mean square error (MSE); Normalized MSE (NMSE); Power map; Power spectral density map; Radio frequency (RF) power; RF map; Root MSE (RMSE); Spectrum cartography; Spectrum map; Transmitter locations
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 12:36
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 12:36
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/9972
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmcj.2021.101511
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/16817
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