A comprehensive review on the use of algal-bacterial systems for wastewater treatment with emphasis on nutrient and micropollutant removal

Oruganti, Raj Kumar and Katam, Keerthi and Show, Pau Loke and Gadhamshetty, Venkataramana and Upadhyayula, Venkata Krishna Kumar and Bhattacharyya, Debraj (2022) A comprehensive review on the use of algal-bacterial systems for wastewater treatment with emphasis on nutrient and micropollutant removal. Taylor and Francis Ltd..

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The scarcity of water resources and environmental pollution have highlighted the need for sustainable wastewater treatment. Existing conventional treatment systems are energy-intensive and not always able to meet stringent disposal standards. Recently, algal-bacterial systems have emerged as environmentally friendly sustainable processes for wastewater treatment and resource recovery. The algal-bacterial systems work on the principle of the symbiotic relationship between algae and bacteria. This paper comprehensively discusses the most recent studies on algal-bacterial systems for wastewater treatment, factors affecting the treatment, and aspects of resource recovery from the biomass. The algal-bacterial interaction includes cell-to-cell communication, substrate exchange, and horizontal gene transfer. The quorum sensing (QS) molecules and their effects on algal–bacterial interactions are briefly discussed. The effect of the factors such as pH, temperature, C/N/P ratio, light intensity, and external aeration on the algal-bacterial systems have been discussed. An overview of the modeling aspects of algal-bacterial systems has been provided. The algal-bacterial systems have the potential for removing micropollutants because of the diverse possible interactions between algae-bacteria. The removal mechanisms of micropollutants–sorption, biodegradation, and photodegradation, have been reviewed. The harvesting methods and resource recovery aspects have been presented. The major challenges associated with algal-bacterial systems for real scale implementation and future perspectives have been discussed. Integrating wastewater treatment with the algal biorefinery concept reduces the overall waste component in a wastewater treatment system by converting the biomass into a useful product, resulting in a sustainable system that contributes to the circular bioeconomy. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Bhattacharyya, DebrajUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Other
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Science and Engineering Research Board of India under IMPRINT 2 Program.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Algal-bacterial; micropollutant; quorum sensing; resource recovery; wastewater treatment
Subjects: Others > Environmental Sciences
Others > Waste water management
Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering > Geoenvironmental Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Department of Chemistry
Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2022 05:08
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2022 05:08
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/9830
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/21655979.2022.2056823
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