Dark Energy Survey Year 3 results: Cosmology from cosmic shear and robustness to data calibration

Amon, A. and Gruen, D. and Desai, Shantanu and et al, . (2022) Dark Energy Survey Year 3 results: Cosmology from cosmic shear and robustness to data calibration. Physical Review D, 105 (2). pp. 1-43. ISSN 2470-0010

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This work, together with its companion paper, Secco, Samuroff et al. [Phys. Rev. D 105, 023515 (2022)PRVDAQ2470-001010.1103/PhysRevD.105.023515], present the Dark Energy Survey Year 3 cosmic-shear measurements and cosmological constraints based on an analysis of over 100 million source galaxies. With the data spanning 4143 deg2 on the sky, divided into four redshift bins, we produce a measurement with a signal-to-noise of 40. We conduct a blind analysis in the context of the Lambda-Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) model and find a 3% constraint of the clustering amplitude, S8σ8(ωm/0.3)0.5=0.759-0.023+0.025. A ΛCDM-Optimized analysis, which safely includes smaller scale information, yields a 2% precision measurement of S8=0.772-0.017+0.018 that is consistent with the fiducial case. The two low-redshift measurements are statistically consistent with the Planck Cosmic Microwave Background result, however, both recovered S8 values are lower than the high-redshift prediction by 2.3σ and 2.1σ (p-values of 0.02 and 0.05), respectively. The measurements are shown to be internally consistent across redshift bins, angular scales and correlation functions. The analysis is demonstrated to be robust to calibration systematics, with the S8 posterior consistent when varying the choice of redshift calibration sample, the modeling of redshift uncertainty and methodology. Similarly, we find that the corrections included to account for the blending of galaxies shifts our best-fit S8 by 0.5σ without incurring a substantial increase in uncertainty. We examine the limiting factors for the precision of the cosmological constraints and find observational systematics to be subdominant to the modeling of astrophysics. Specifically, we identify the uncertainties in modeling baryonic effects and intrinsic alignments as the limiting systematics. © 2022 American Physical Society.

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Desai, Shantanuhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-0466-3288
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Additional Information: Looking ahead, we anticipate substantially improved cosmic-shear power owing to observations with roughly twice the effective integrated exposure time per galaxy, and thus an abundance of fainter galaxies usable, in the Year 6 data. New Deep Field observations in fields with key external multiband photometry and redshift information will enable robust redshift calibration at the enhanced depth. Despite the fact that the data calibration methodology for DES Y3 is substantially ahead of the requirements set by the ever-growing statistical power, future lensing data sets will require advances in redshift calibration and the accounting for blending, which are disproportionately more difficult for the fainter and more blended galaxy populations. Collaborative joint analyses with the complementary KiDS and HSC surveys would allow for an exchange of methodological experience. This would provide a particularly promising platform for further development in cosmic-shear techniques and as a training ground for the imminent and challenging data-rich era of the surveys to be performed by Rubin Observatory, Euclid, and the Roman Space Telescope. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS and Matplotlib , and has been prepared using NASA’s Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, NFS’s NOIRLab, the University of Nottingham, The Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, Texas A&M University, and the OzDES Membership Consortium. Based in part on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2012B-0001; PI: J. Frieman), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The DES data management system is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. AST-1138766 and No. AST-1536171. The DES participants from Spanish institutions are partially supported by MICINN under Grants No. ESP2017-89838, No. PGC2018-094773, No. PGC2018-102021, No. SEV-2016-0588, No. SEV-2016-0597, and No. MDM-2015-0509, some of which include ERDF funds from the European Union. I. F. A. E. is partially funded by the CERCA program of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) including ERC Grant agreements No. 240672, No. 291329, and No. 306478. We acknowledge support from the Brazilian Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia (INCT) do e-Universo (CNPq Grant No. 465376/2014-2). This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, and Office of High Energy Physics.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dark Energy Survey Year 3, Lambda-Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM), Planck Cosmic Microwave .
Subjects: Physics
Physics > Astronomy Astrophysics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2022 04:38
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2022 04:38
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/9714
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.105.023514
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/32263
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