Boron-doped graphene anode coupled with microporous activated carbon cathode for lithium-ion ultracapacitors

Bhattacharjee, Udita and Bhowmik, Subhajit and Martha, Surendra Kumar and et al, . (2022) Boron-doped graphene anode coupled with microporous activated carbon cathode for lithium-ion ultracapacitors. Chemical Engineering Journal, 430. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1385-8947

[img] Text
Chemical_Engineering_Journal1.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (5MB) | Request a copy


Lithium-ion hybrid capacitors combine the advantages of both high energy of lithium-ion batteries and high-power of ultracapacitors by using one highly reversible battery-type electrode (e.g., graphite, carbon matrix, metal oxides, etc.) and another high surface area supercapacitor-type electrode (e.g., activated carbon) in one unit cell. This work reports the fabrication of a lithium-ion capacitor using boron-doped graphene nanosheets as anode and microporous carbon from activated rice husk as a cathode. The lithium-ion storage characteristics of boron-doped graphene nanomaterials and adsorption properties of microporous carbon leads to the realization of their usage in a lithium-ion capacitor electrode materials. The lithium-ion capacitor full cell with lithiated boron-doped graphene nanomaterial anode and activated rice husk cathode demonstrates energy densities of 162 and 83 W h kg−1 at power densities of 590, 14750 W kg−1, respectively. The mechanistic performance of the LIC full cell below and above the open circuit voltage (OCV) was analysed to understand the diffusion and adsorption control in the achievable energy. The cell cycles till 25,000 cycles with 65 % capacitance retention at 1 A g−1 current density. This study demonstrates a striking balance between the high energy and high power capabilities in a single unit lithium-ion capacitor cell through the utilization of adsorptive as well diffusive ion storage mechanism of the electrode active materials. The full cell is analysed for self discharge and leakage current to realise the practical feasibility of the electrode active materials. Also, the electrochemical impedance spectra reveal the probable reason behind the degradation of cycling performance. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

[error in script]
IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Martha, Surendra Kumar
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SKM acknowledges the DST-IISc Energy Storage Platform on Supercapacitors and Power Dense Devices through the MECSP-2K17 program under grant no. DST/TMD/MECSP/2K17/20, Government of India for financial support to this work. UB, SB and SG acknowledges DST-SERB (Sanction Order: CRG/2018/003543), DST/TMD/MECSP/2K17/20, and UKIERI program under grant no. DST/INT/UK/P-173/2017, Govt. of India respectively for fellowships. We thank the FESEM facility (under DST-FIST project (SR/FST/ETI421/2016)) and Upender Sunkari, MSME Department, IIT Hyderabad for the microscopy. We thank Piu Chawdhury, and V. Ashok Kumar Kinjarapu, Department of Chemistry, IIT Hyderabad for TEM, and BET supports, respectively.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated rice husk cathode; Boron-doped graphene sheet anode; Electrochemical performance; Lithium storage mechanism; Lithium-ion capacitor
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 12:22
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2022 12:22
Publisher URL:
OA policy:
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Statistics for RAIITH ePrint 9648 Statistics for this ePrint Item