Mimicking tumor microenvironment by 3D bioprinting: 3D cancer modeling

Shukla, Priyanshu and Yeleswarapu, Sriya and Pati, Falguni and et al, . (2022) Mimicking tumor microenvironment by 3D bioprinting: 3D cancer modeling. Biofabrication, 14 (3). 032002. ISSN 1758-5082

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The tumor microenvironment (TME) typically comprises cancer cells, tumor vasculature, stromal components like fibroblasts, and host immune cells that assemble to support tumorigenesis. However, preexisting classic cancer models like 2D cell culture methods, 3D cancer spheroids, and tumor organoids seem to lack essential TME components. 3D bioprinting offers enormous advantages for developing in vitro tumor models by allowing user-controlled deposition of multiple biomaterials, cells, and biomolecules in a predefined architecture. This review highlights the recent developments in 3D cancer modeling using different bioprinting techniques to recreate the TME. 3D bioprinters enable the fabrication of high-resolution microstructures to reproduce TME intricacies. Furthermore, 3D bioprinted models can be applied as a preclinical model for versatile research applications in the tumor biology and pharmaceutical industries. These models provide an opportunity to develop high-throughput drug screening platforms and can further be developed to suit individual patient requirements hence giving a boost to the field of personalized anti-cancer therapeutics. We underlined the various ways the existing studies have tried to mimic the TME, mimic the hallmark events of cancer growth and metastasis within the 3D bioprinted models and showcase the 3D drug-tumor interaction and further utilization of such models to develop personalized medicine. © 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Pati, Falgunihttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3588-1800
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D bioprinting; cancer-on-chip; classic 3D cancer model; organoids; tumor microenvironment
Subjects: Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Biomedical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2022 07:05
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2022 05:40
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/9406
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1088/1758-5090/ac6d11
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/11316
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