Carbon soot nanoparticles derived from wasted rubber: An additive in lubricating oil for efficient friction and wear reduction

Nowduru, R. and Bodapati, B.R. and Malladi, Sairam K (2022) Carbon soot nanoparticles derived from wasted rubber: An additive in lubricating oil for efficient friction and wear reduction. Diamond and Related Materials, 126. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0925-9635

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Spheroidal carbon particles are touted as excellent additives in lubricants for reduction in friction and wear. Herein 50–100 nm-sized spheroidal carbon soot particles with heliocentric graphitic layers are prepared by controlled decomposition of wasted rubber and subsequent heat-treatment of wasted rubber derived soot. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the on-set degradation temperature of the soot particles was representative of a material constituted by amorphous and crystalline phases complementing well with x-ray diffraction studies. The soot particles are dispersed in an additive-free base oil (BO), and the soot particles added oil was used as a lubricant. At room temperature, a reduction in coefficient of friction (CoF) and wear scar diameter (WSD) of ~9% and 16.55% were recorded. At a higher temperature of 70 °C, a reduction in CoF and WSD of as high as 48.93% and 28.12% were recorded. Based on the observations, it is theorized that the soot particles acted like nano-bearings between the contacting surfaces producing a rolling effect that efficiently reduced friction and wear concerning the contacting surfaces. Also, the dispersion of soot particles improved the viscosity retention of BO at higher temperatures indicating its multifunctional ability. © 2022

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Malladi, Sairam KUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Ravikiran Nowduru acknowledges the fellowship under the Prime Minister's Research Fellowship (PMRF) scheme, Ministry of Education, Government of India
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon soot, Friction, Lubrication, Nanoparticles, Viscosity, Wear
Subjects: Others > Metallurgy Metallurgical Engineering
Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 05:51
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 06:06
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