1D NiO-3D Fe2O3mixed dimensional heterostructure for fast response flexible broadband photodetector

Reddy B, K.S. and Veeralingam, S. and Badhulika, Sushmee (2022) 1D NiO-3D Fe2O3mixed dimensional heterostructure for fast response flexible broadband photodetector. Nanotechnology, 33 (23). ISSN 0957-4484

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Conventional heterojunction photodetectors rely on planar junction architecture which suffer from low interfacial contact area, inferior light absorption characteristics and complex fabrication schemes. Heterojunctions based on mixed dimensional nanostructures such as 0D-1D, 1D-2D, 1D-3D etc have recently garnered exceptional research interest owing to their atomically sharp interfaces, tunable junction properties such as enhanced light absorption cross-section. In this work, a flexible broadband UV-vis photodetector employing mixed dimensional heterostructure of 1D NiO nanofibers and 3D Fe2O3 nanoparticles is fabricated. NiO nanofibers were synthesized via economical and scalable electro-spinning technique and made composite with Fe2O3 nanoclusters for hetero-structure fabrication. The optical absorption spectra of NiO nanofibers and Fe2O3 nanoparticles exhibit peak absorption in UV and visible spectra, respectively. The as-fabricated photodetector displays quick response times of 0.09 s and 0.18 s and responsivities of 5.7 mA W-1 (0.03 mW cm-2) and 5.2 mA W-1 (0.01 mW cm-2) for UV and visible spectra, respectively. The fabricated NiO-Fe2O3 device also exhibits excellent detectivity in the order of 1012 jones. The superior performance of the device is ascribed to the type-II heterojunction between NiO-Fe2O3 nanostructures, which results in the localized built-in potential at their interface, that aids in the effective carrier separation and transportation. Further, the flexible photodetector displays excellent robustness when bent over ∼1000 cycles thereby proving its potential towards developing reliable, diverse functional opto-electronic devices. © 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Badhulika, Sushmeehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3237-3031
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Broadband photodetector, Fe2O3, hetero-structures, mixed dimensional, NiO
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2022 07:04
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2022 05:32
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/9361
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/ac5838
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/11334
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