Mechanical response of full-scale geosynthetic-reinforced asphalt overlays subjected to repeated loads

Kumar, V.V. and Saride, S. and Zornberg, J.G. (2021) Mechanical response of full-scale geosynthetic-reinforced asphalt overlays subjected to repeated loads. Transportation Geotechnics, 30. ISSN 22143912

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This study aims at evaluating the influence of geosynthetic reinforcements on the structural improvement of asphalt overlays placed on distressed pavement layers using repeated load tests. Full-scale instrumented pavement models were constructed in an indoor steel tank measuring 1000 mm in length, 1000 mm in width and 1000 mm in depth. Full-scale instrumented pavement models consisted of a 650-mm-thick weak subgrade, 250-mm-thick base, 90-mm-thick distressed asphalt layer, binder tack coat, geosynthetic reinforcement (except in control sections), and 50-mm-thick hot mix asphalt overlay. Sensors used in the instrumentation program included earth pressure cells and linear variable displacement transformers installed on the subgrade and surface layers, respectively. Four different geosynthetic types, including woven geo-jute mat (GJ), polypropylene geogrid (PP), polyester geogrid (PET), and fiberglass geogrid composite (FGC) were adopted as asphalt reinforcements. A servo-hydraulic actuator was used to replicate a live traffic wheel load by applying an equivalent single axle contact pressure of 550 kPa at a frequency of 1 Hz. Repeated load tests were terminated after 100,000 load cycles and the behaviour of geosynthetic-reinforced full-scale models was compared with that of unreinforced model. Performance indicators, including Traffic Benefit Ratio (TBR) and Rut Depth Reductions (RDR), were estimated and repeated load test results indicated an increase in the structural performance of geosynthetic-reinforced full-scale models in relation to that of unreinforced model. Among the geosynthetic-reinforced models considered in this study, the FGC-reinforced model showed a comparatively better performance with a maximum TBR of 20 at a permanent deflection of 5 mm and the highest RDR of 56% after 100,000 load cycles, respectively. Maximum reductions of 56% in surface deflection and of 30% in vertical pressure on the subgrade were also observed after 100,000 load cycles in the FGC-reinforced model. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Saride, Sireesh
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asphalt overlay, Cumulative permanent deflection, Full-scale instrumented pavement model, Geosynthetics, Rut depth reduction, Traffic benefit ratio
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Haseena VKKM
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2022 10:41
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2022 10:41
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