Domestic wastewater treatment in a coupled sequential batch reactor-electrochemical reactor process

Akula, L.K et al. (2021) Domestic wastewater treatment in a coupled sequential batch reactor-electrochemical reactor process. Water Environment Research, 93 (6). pp. 953-967. ISSN 10614303

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The effectiveness of a sequenced biological–physicochemical reactor system for treating sewage was studied. The biological degradation was conducted in a Sequential Batch Reactor, which had innovative features for simplifying the operation and maintenance of the reactor. The reactor was operated at 4, 6, 8, and 12 hr cycle. Up to 82% removal of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), 50% removal of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC), 45% removal of Total Nitrogen (TN), and 45% removal of Total Phosphorus (TP) were achieved. The treated effluent was further polished in a continuous-flow bipolar-mode electrochemical reactor to remove additional recalcitrant organic matter from the wastewater. The process parameters were optimized using Response Surface Methodology. At the optimum condition (pH = 8.7; Current = 1.0; reaction time = 9.0), up to 90% removal of COD, 67% removal of DOC, 61% removal of TN, and 99.9% removal of TP were achieved in the coupled system. Micropollutants belonging to Pharmaceutically Active Compounds, pesticides, etc., were significantly removed. The coupled system completely removed Salmonella, Pseudomonas, and Staphylococcus. However, coliforms were detected at the outlet samples. A UV or ozone disinfection treatment is recommended for the safe reuse of the treated water for nonpotable purposes. Practioner points: Sequential sequential batch reactor-electrochemical reactor process (SBR-ECR) technology is effective for micropollutant removal from sewage. The coupled SBR-ECR system requires less footprint compared to conventional biological systems for wastewater treatment. Carbon material balance study revealed that more than 60% of carbon escapes from wastewater in the form of CO2.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Bhattacharyya, DebrajUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: _eprint:
Uncontrolled Keywords: domestic wastewater treatment, electrocoagulation, sequential batch reactor, sewage
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Haseena VKKM
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2021 11:13
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 10:17
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