Effect of Divalent Cation Substitution in the Magnetoplumbite Structured Bafe12o19 System

Anbarasu, V and Md Gazzali, P M and Karthik, T and Manigandan, A and K, Siva Kumar (2013) Effect of Divalent Cation Substitution in the Magnetoplumbite Structured Bafe12o19 System. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 24 (3). pp. 916-926. ISSN 0957-4522

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Synthesis of magnetically ordered barium hexaferrite powders and the adjustment of magnetic properties for perpendicular magnetic recording media are realized through substitution of divalent cation (Ca) in the BaFe 12O19 system. The Ca2+ substituted Ba 1-xCaxFe12O19 (where x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2) compounds have been prepared through solid state reaction technique. The powder X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that all the prepared compounds crystallized in magnetoplumbite hexagonal structure and the flat hexagonal platelet morphology of the crystallites was identified through scanning electron microscopy. The formation of magnetoplumbite structured Ba1-xCaxFe12O19 system due to mechanical activation was supported by micro-Raman measurements. Both pure and Ca substituted BaFe12O19 compounds exhibit sharp intense peaks which reveals defect free environment in the crystal lattice. From the room temperature magnetization studies, it was observed that the saturation magnetization (MS) and remanent magnetization (MR) values drastically decreases for the Ba0.95Ca0.05Fe 12O19 compound which may be due to the existence of spin canting effect and leads to the reduction of super exchange fields. The increase in MS and MR values for the Ba0.9Ca 0.1Fe12O19 and Ba0.85Ca 0.15Fe12O19 compounds could be attributed to the enhanced hyperfine fields at 12k and 2b sites due to the strengthening of Fe3+-O-Fe3+ super exchange interactions. A large reduction in the coercivity value from 3,090 to 1,548 Gauss may be attributed to the fall in magneto crystalline anisotropy. The high temperature magnetization studies infer that while increasing substitution level of Ca in the BaFe 12O19 system results in decreasing trend in Curie temperature. The room temperature dielectric measurement shows that the incorporation of Ca2+ in the BaFe12O19 system results with increase in the dielectric constant and this case substantiates the space charge polarization. The magnetically ordered BaFe particulate having higher saturation and low coercivity values with superior magnetic and dielectric behaviour exhibiting the possibility for future high-recording- density storage products

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: barium hexaferrite powders, magnetoplumbite
Subjects: Others > Metallurgy Metallurgical Engineering
Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 06:51
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2017 07:44
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/877
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-012-0850-2
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0957-4522/
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