From onion skin waste to multi-heteroatom self-doped highly wrinkled porous carbon nanosheets for high-performance supercapacitor device

Gopalakrishnan, Arthi and Badhulika, Sushmee (2021) From onion skin waste to multi-heteroatom self-doped highly wrinkled porous carbon nanosheets for high-performance supercapacitor device. Journal of Energy Storage, 38 (102533). ISSN 2352152X

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nanosheets derived from the abundant waste onion skin via carbonization and activation strategy. The optimized onion skin derived carbon (OnC-900) exhibits highly wrinkled graphene-like morphology and multi-heteroatom doping without any external dopants is confirmed via field emission scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The OnC-900, acting as a supercapacitor electrode, exhibits excellent specific capacitance of 478 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1 and maintains 241.7 F g−1 even at 6.7 A g−1 in the three-electrode cell indicating its excellent rate capability. The assembled symmetric supercapacitor device using aqueous neutral electrolyte (1 M Na2SO4) delivers outstanding specific energy of 17 Wh kg−1 with a wide potential window up to 1.4 V. The device also exhibits excellent cyclic stability by retaining 93% of initial capacitance over 10,000 cycles at a current density of 3 A g−1. This enhanced performance of the electrode is mainly due to the high specific surface area and the heteroatom co-doping that provides improved surface wettability by polarized surface, induced pseudocapacitance effect, and improved electronic conductivity. These results demonstrate that onion waste derived multi-heteroatom co-doped graphene-like carbon nanosheets have great potential for renewable and sustainable energy storage devices.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Gopalakrishnan, ArthiUNSPECIFIED
Badhulika, SushmeeUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Capacitance; Carbonization; Electrodes; Electrolytes; Field emission microscopes; Graphene; Morphology; Nanosheets; Porous materials; Scanning electron microscopy; Sodium sulfate; Sulfur compounds; X ray photoelectron spectroscopy;'current; Biomass-derived; Carbon nanosheets; Graphene likes; Heteroatoms; Onion skin; Performance; Porous carbon nanosheet; Self-doped; Self-doping
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2021 10:38
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2021 10:38
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