Bio-bricks: Circular Economy and New Products

Rautray, Priyabrata and Roy, Avik and Mathew, Deepak John and Eisenbart, Boris (2021) Bio-bricks: Circular Economy and New Products. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, 221. pp. 845-857. ISSN 2190-3018

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Agricultural waste burning is a significant source of pollution in India, especially after the harvesting season. Bio-brick was developed as an alternative and sustainable building material that is made up of agricultural waste. And at the same time, it will also lead to the reduction of air pollution and create new jobs at the grassroots level. This research paper defines the relationship between bio-bricks and circular economy model and its benefits to the rural economy and society as a whole. It has both direct and indirect benefits such as reduction of air pollution and the potential to be reused at the EOL or as filler material. It also documents the process of initial testing and product development. Product iteration started with creating blocks of bio-bricks, followed by initial experiments to determine physical properties. These results led to the redevelopment of product in term of forms and functionalities. New iterations can also be used for industrial settings such as enclosure for machinery and equipment as a sandwich or reinforced boards. Manufacturing of bio-bricks has the potential to eliminate the problem of disposal of agricultural waste at source. It can create a new economic model for farmers and lead to the development of agriculture-based industries. Based on our research findings, we find bio-bricks can be developed as a carbon-negative, sustainable and economically viable material for construction. With the right kind of product development and incentives, it can diversify into numerous products satisfying the needs of an ecologically sensitive future.

[error in script]
IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Rautray, PriyabrataUNSPECIFIED
Mathew, Deepak JohnUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Circular economy; Economic modeling; Economically viable; Filler materials; Grass-roots levels; Industrial settings; Research papers; Sustainable building materials
Subjects: Arts > Design
Divisions: Department of Design
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2021 07:17
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2021 07:17
Publisher URL:
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Statistics for RAIITH ePrint 8649 Statistics for this ePrint Item