Deformation and breakup of droplets in an oblique continuous air stream

Soni, Surendra Kumar and Kirar, Pavan Kumar and Kolhe, Pankaj and Sahu, Kirti Chandra (2020) Deformation and breakup of droplets in an oblique continuous air stream. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 122. p. 103141. ISSN 03019322

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We experimentally investigate the deformation and breakup of droplets interacting with an oblique continuous air stream. A high-speed imaging system is employed to record the trajectories and topological changes of the droplets of different liquids. The droplet size, the orientation of the air nozzle to the horizontal and fluid properties (surface tension and viscosity) are varied to study different breakup modes. We found that droplet possessing initial momentum before entering the continuous air stream exhibits a variation in the required Weber number for the vibrational mode to the bag breakup transition with a change in the angle of the air stream. The critical Weber numbers (Wecr) for the bag-type breakup are obtained as a function of the Eötvös number (Eo), angle of inclination of the air stream (α) and the Ohnesorge number (Oh). It is found that although the droplet follows a rectilinear motion initially that transforms to a curvilinear motion at later times when the droplet undergoes topological changes. The apparent acceleration of the droplet and its size influence the critical Weber number for the bag breakup mode. The departure from the cross-flow arrangement shows a sharp decrease in the critical Weber number for the bag breakup, which asymptotically reaches a value associated with the in-line (opposed) flow configuration for the droplet breakup.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sahu, Kirti ChandraUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical weber numbers; Cross flows; Droplet breakup; High speed imaging; Oblique stream;Air; Deformation; High speed cameras; Spray nozzles; Topology
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2021 06:38
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2022 11:02
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