Effects of using ternary gasoline-ethanol-LPO blend on PFI engine performance and emissions

Biswal, Abinash and Gedam, Saurabh and Balusamy, Saravanan and Kolhe, Pankaj (2020) Effects of using ternary gasoline-ethanol-LPO blend on PFI engine performance and emissions. Fuel, 281 (118664). ISSN 00162361

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To date, apart from alcohol, few alternative fuels have been investigated for the operation of port fuel injection (PFI) engines. The current study is examining the suitability of a ternary blend of lemon peel oil (LPO), ethanol, and gasoline as a drop in fuel for traditional gasoline engines. Unique combinations of LPO blends with a calorific value exceeding 40 MJ/kg and stoichiometric air to fuel ratio exceeding 14 are tested on a PFI equipped single-cylinder Kirloskar engine. In this study, two binary blends (G60L40, G80E20) and two ternary blends (G60E20L20, G40E20L40) are prepared on a volume basis and investigated for combustion, performance, and emission characteristics. Combustion stability based exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rate of 10% is proposed for the ternary blend (G40E20L40). The experimental results showed that the thermodynamic performance of ternary blends is similar to baseline gasoline with a 60% reduction in CO and a 15% reduction in NOx with 10% EGR. Biofuel blends exhibit higher in-cylinder pressure than gasoline due to the higher laminar flame velocities of LPO and ethanol. The ternary G40E20L40 blend with 10% EGR at 3.91 bar BMEP produces higher brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and marginally higher brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) indicating an insignificant effect on vehicle range on a full tank and good alternative that utilizes 60% renewable fuel with gasoline without any changes to the PFI engine and simultaneously reaping the benefits of significantly improved emissions.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brake specific fuel consumption; Brake thermal efficiency; Emission characteristics; Exhaust gas recirculation rates; Laminar flame velocity; Port fuel injection engines; Stoichiometric Air to Fuel Ratio; Thermodynamic performance
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2021 06:17
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2022 11:09
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8640
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.118664
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/16905
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