Characterization of Variability of Unit Weight and Shear Parameters of Municipal Solid Waste

Raviteja, K. V. N. S. and Basha, B. Munwar (2021) Characterization of Variability of Unit Weight and Shear Parameters of Municipal Solid Waste. Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, 25 (2). 04020077. ISSN 2153-5493

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The safety and stability of municipal solid waste (MSW) slopes are governed by unit weight (γ), cohesion (c), and friction angle (φ) of the MSW. Variability associated with the unit weight, cohesion, and friction angle of MSW is a major problem in the design of landfills because it negatively affects the performance of the slope. Variability associated with these properties may trigger catastrophic slope failures. The reported studies on the reliability-based design of MSW landfills adopted either Gaussian or lognormal distributions based on a reasonable approximation. The limitations are apparent when a coefficient of variation (COV) is higher. The accuracy of reliability-based designs depends on the selection of best-fit continuous and extreme value distributions (such as Gumbel and Weibull) that can model a high degree of variability precisely. The present study has undertaken to propose a suitable statistical model that gives a better representation of variability by optimizing the statistical parameters. A high degree of variability associated with the unit weight, cohesion, and friction angle of MSW is also investigated. A novel approach is proposed to determine reliable continuous probability density functions (PDFs) that can be fitted to the database consisting of 184 sample points collected from the most comprehensive experimental studies reported in the literature. The best-fit PDFs are recommended by optimizing the mean and standard deviation such that errors associated with quantiles (Q - -Q), percentiles (P-P), and cumulative distribution functions (CDFs) are as minimum as possible. This study signifies the selection of optimized PDFs for the representation of parameter variability, and it is proved that the probability of failure is either underestimated or overestimated considerably when other conventional PDFs are chosen. The recommended mean, COV, and PDF can be useful in the reliability-based design of engineered MSW landfills and for judging the performance of existing MSW slopes.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Raviteja, K. V. N. S.UNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Landfills; MSW; Optimization; Probabilistic analysis; Shear strength; Slope stability; Statistical analysis; Variability,Cumulative distribution function; Extreme value distributions; High degree of variability; Log-normal distribution; Mean and standard deviations; Municipal solid waste (MSW); Probability density functions (PDFs); Reliability based design
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2021 06:31
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 06:31
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