Electrospun freestanding hydrophobic fabric as a potential polymer semi-permeable membrane for islet encapsulation

Ruhela, Aakanksha and Kasinathan, Gokula Nathan and Rath, Subha N. and Sasikala, M. and Sharma, Chandra S. (2021) Electrospun freestanding hydrophobic fabric as a potential polymer semi-permeable membrane for islet encapsulation. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 118. p. 111409. ISSN 09284931

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One of the significant problems associated with islet encapsulation for type 1 diabetes treatment is the loss of islet functionality or cell death after transplantation because of the unfavorable environment for the cells. In this work, we propose a simple strategy to fabricate electrospun membranes that will provide a favorable environment for proper islet function and also a desirable pore size to cease cellular infiltration, protecting the encapsulated islet from immune cells. By electrospinning the wettability of three different biocompatible polymers: cellulose acetate (CA), polyethersulfone (PES), and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was greatly modified. The contact angle of electrospun CA, PES, and PTFE increased to 136°, 126°, and 155° as compared to 55°, 71°, and 128° respectively as a thin film, making the electrospun membranes hydrophobic. Commercial porous membranes of PES and PTFE show a contact angle of 30° and 118°, respectively, confirming the hydrophobicity of electrospun membranes is due to the surface morphology induced by electrospinning. In- vivo results confirm that the induced hydrophobicity and surface morphology of electrospun membranes impede cell attachment, which would help in maintaining the 3D circular morphology of islet cell. More importantly, the pore size of 0.3–0.6 μm obtained due to the densely packed structure of nanofibers, will be able to restrict immune cells but would allow free movement of molecules like insulin and glucose. Therefore, electrospun polymer fibrous membranes as fabricated in this work, with hydrophobic and porous properties, make a strong case for successful islet encapsulation.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Rath, Subha NarayanUNSPECIFIED
Sharma, Chandra Shekharhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3821-1471
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cell attachment; Electrospinning; Hydrophobicity; Nanofibers; Nanofibrous membranes;Biocompatibility; Cell death; Contact angle; Electrospinning; Hydrophobicity; Morphology; Polytetrafluoroethylenes; Pore size; Surface morphology
Subjects: Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Biomedical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2021 10:41
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 06:41
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8580
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2020.111409
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/13704
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