Role of deficit irrigation strategies on ET partition and crop water productivity of rice in semi-arid tropics of south India

Anupoju, Varaprasad and Kambhammettu, B. V. N. P. (2020) Role of deficit irrigation strategies on ET partition and crop water productivity of rice in semi-arid tropics of south India. Irrigation Science, 38 (4). pp. 415-430. ISSN 0342-7188

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Crop water productivity (CWP) is a measure of crop yield per unit of water consumed and plays a crucial role in evaluating the role of alternate management practices for sustainable production. This study investigates the crop water and yield dynamics of rice (Oryza sativa L.) subjected to three (low, moderate, and high water stress) deficit irrigation scenarios. Factorial experiments were conducted in four paddy fields in a command area of south India during the 2017–18 growing seasons with farmers’ current irrigation practice used as the control (T1). Seasonal total and irrigation water application of rice was ranged from 803 and 175 mm for high stress to 978 and 350 mm for T1 conditions. Cumulative potential evapotranspiration (ETo) for the growing seasons was observed to be 326.65 ± 2.51 mm. The FAO-56-based SIMDualKc model was parameterized to partition the evapotranspiration (ET) fluxes and to obtain site-specific crop coefficients for each scenario. Model-simulated root zone soil moistures were in agreement with the observations for all irrigation treatments (R2 > 0.80, RMSE < 0.04 cm3 cm−3, n = 20). Stage-specific single (Kc) and basal crop (Kcb) coefficients for rice with T1 are, respectively, 1.1, 1.09, 0.79, and 0.9, 0.97, 0.57, which are slightly lower than FAO tabulated values. The calibrated soil–water balance model was further applied to simulate crop yield using a simple crop growth algorithm. Our results conclude that crop yield is sensitive to water stress during vegetation (ky = 1.14 ± 0.10) followed by transplantation (ky = 1.07 ± 0.16) and reproduction stages (ky = 1.02 ± 0.17). We observed a marginal increase in CWP (12% in 2017 and 3% in 2018) and a reduction in deep percolation losses (29% in 2017 and 14% in 2018) through controlled water-saving strategies.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Kambhammettu, B V N PUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ternative agriculture; crop production; crop yield; evapotranspiration; experimental study; growing season; irrigation; management practice; parameterization; rice; semiarid region; tropical environment; water use Engineering main heading
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2021 10:40
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 06:59
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