Supported Metal Nanoparticles as Heterogeneous Catalysts for Transformation of Biomass-Derived Platform Chemicals

Baithy, Mallesham and Shee, Debaprasad (2020) Supported Metal Nanoparticles as Heterogeneous Catalysts for Transformation of Biomass-Derived Platform Chemicals. ACS Symposium Series, 1359. pp. 183-211. ISSN 0097-6156

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The lignocellulosic biomass is envisioned as a potential alternative renewable source to finite fossil fuels to produce chemicals and biofuels/biofuel additives in a sustainable manner. The efficient and economical transformation of lignocellulosic biomass into valued chemicals and biofuels is a great challenge and can be made feasible through a catalytic route. Cellulose and hemicellulose are primary constituents of the lignocellulosic biomass, and an appropriate conversion process leads to the generation of important platform chemicals such as glucose, fructose, furfural, and 5-hydroxymethylfuran (5-HMF). Catalytic valorization of these platform chemicals can produce an array of valued chemicals and biofuels/biofuel additives. Supported transition- and noble-metals-based nanoparticles as catalysts are being examined for transformation of the platform chemicals. The performance of these catalysts depends on the metal-metal and metal- support interactions and properties of supports. The influence of the catalyst properties on activity and selectivity of the desired product are briefly discussed in this chapter. The selective hydrogenation of glucose, fructose, furfural, and 5-HMF to produce d-sorbitol, d-mannitol, furfuryl alcohol, and 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF) is considered a model reaction to correlate the catalysts' properties and activity using selected relevant literatures.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Baithy, MalleshamUNSPECIFIED
Shee, DebaprasadUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalyst properties; Cellulose and hemicellulose; Conversion process; Heterogeneous catalyst; Metal-support interactions; Platform chemicals; Renewable sources; Selective hydrogenation;Aldehydes; Biofuels; Biomass; Catalyst selectivity; Cellulosic ethanol; Fossil fuels; Fructose; Fuel additives; Furfural; Glucose; Lignocellulosic biomass; Metal nanoparticles; Metals; Nanocatalysts
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2021 05:03
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2021 05:03
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