Enhanced Electrokinetic Removal of Heavy Metals from a Contaminated Lake Sediment for Ecological Risk Reduction

Ayyanar, Arulpoomalai and Thatikonda, Shashidhar (2021) Enhanced Electrokinetic Removal of Heavy Metals from a Contaminated Lake Sediment for Ecological Risk Reduction. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal, 30 (1). pp. 12-34. ISSN 1532-0383

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Abstract

In this study, electrokinetic remediation (EKR) was performed to reduce the risk of heavy metal contaminants viz., Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn associated with different fractions of lake sediments. Firstly, batch experiments were performed to estimate the optimal concentration of enhancing agents such as EDTA, nitric acid and acetic acid for effective dissolution of heavy metals from sediments and to minimize the dissolution of earth metals (Fe and Al) to maintain good soil health. In addition to that, the effect of pH on dissolution of these heavy metals with optimized concentration was studied separately. The results from batch experiments showed that EDTA with the concentration of 0.01 M enhanced the heavy metal dissolution as 38–88% in the pH range 2–12. Nitric acid and acetic acid with the concentration of 0.05 M enhanced the heavy metal dissolution as 18–85% and 15–80%, respectively in the pH range 2–6. For enhancing agents like nitric acid and acetic acid, the increase of pH (above 6) led to the formation of metal hydroxides and carbonates, which reduced the efficiency of heavy metal dissolution. Secondly, EKR experiments were conducted in a reactor with optimal concentration of EDTA (0.01 M), nitric acid and acetic acid (0.05 M) as electrolyte and sediment saturation solution for 7–21 days of treatment time. After 21 days of EKR with 0.01 M of EDTA as enhancing agent, the average removal of heavy metals achieved about 46.4–78.8 % and associated risk with metals viz., Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu reduced from high to low risk and Ni reduced from high to medium risk, according to risk assessment category. Alternatively, the EKR treatment using nitric acid and acetic acid showed the average removal of heavy metals of about 17.2–43.60% and 24.9–57.2 %, respectively, and all heavy metals pose medium risk, except for Cd, which showed low risk to the environment.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ayyanar, ArulpoomalaiUNSPECIFIED
Thatikonda, Shashidharhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2973-2224
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemical fractionation; contaminated sediments; EDTA; Electrokinetic remediation; heavy metals; risk Assessment
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering > Bridges
Civil Engineering > Earthquake Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2021 11:46
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 11:46
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8480
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/15320383.2020.1783510
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/6086
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