A multi‐string fault‐tolerant multilevel inverter configuration for off‐grid photovoltaic applications

Airineni, Madhukar Rao and Bhimireddy, Prathap Reddy and Sahoo, Manoranjan and Keerthipati, Sivakumar (2021) A multi‐string fault‐tolerant multilevel inverter configuration for off‐grid photovoltaic applications. International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems, 31 (3). ISSN 2050-7038

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With the intensified demand for enhanced harmonic profile of output voltage, better power quality, reduced dv/dt stress of devices and minimal filter requirement, multilevel inverters (MLIs) have emerged as a viable solution in renewable energy applications. In the conventional MLI, the order of device count, as well as control complexity, will increase with respect to the number of voltage levels. Moreover, this higher order of semiconductor devices may increase the chance of failure rate, which degrades the reliability of the inverter. To address these issues, in this article a 1-Φ fault-tolerant MLI topology is proposed for multi-string photovoltaic (PV) applications with reduced device count as well as improved reliability. This topology required four isolated DC sources with a voltage magnitude of Vdc/4 (where Vdc is the voltage requirement for the conventional neutral point clamped MLI), which are realized with multiple PV strings. The proposed MLI enhances the reliability of the system in terms of switch open circuit failures as well as source failures. Moreover, as compared to other conventional MLIs, the proposed MLI topology has the energy balancing capability between sources during partial shading condition of PV panels. The mathematical analysis of energy balancing between the DC sources is also presented in this article. The proposed 1-Φ MLI has been analyzed for various source failures and/or switch open circuit failures using MATLAB/Simulink as well as by implementing the laboratory prototype.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Keerthipati, SivakumarUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Control complexity; Mathematical analysis; Multilevel inverter; Neutral point clamped; Open circuit failure; Photovoltaic applications; Renewable energy applications; Voltage requirement
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2021 07:57
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 07:57
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8467
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/2050-7038.12803
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/27335
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