Interface magnetoelectric effect and its sensitivity on interface structures in Fe/AgNbO3 and SrRuO3/AgNbO3 heterostructures: A first-principles investigation

Kumari, P. Karuna and Niranjan, Manish K. (2021) Interface magnetoelectric effect and its sensitivity on interface structures in Fe/AgNbO3 and SrRuO3/AgNbO3 heterostructures: A first-principles investigation. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 517. p. 167372. ISSN 03048853

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The interface magnetoelectric (ME) effect is promising for novel technological applications as it allows the control of interface magnetization at heterointerfaces by the external electric field. Here in this article, we explore the interface ME effect and its sensitivity on interface atomic structure and bonding in ferromagnetic-ferroelectric oxide hetrostructures within the framework of density functional theory. In particular, we consider Fe/AgNbO3 and SrRuO3/AgNbO3 superlattices with different possible defect-free interfaces. Our results suggest that interface magnetization and thereby interface ME effect can critically depend on interface structure. The interface magnetization is found to depend on atomic bondings which are sensitive to atomic displacements at the interface. This leads to ME coupling due to induced change in the interface magnetization as the electric polarization is reversed in the ferroelectric film. In addition, the contribution to interface ME coupling also comes from the change in exchange-splitting between spin-polarized electrons and consequently change in the interface magnetic moments due to ferroelectric polarization reversal. The change in exchange splitting, in turn, is caused by spin-dependent screening of the bound polarization charges at the interface. In Fe/AgNbO3 system, the interface ME coefficient is found to exhibit opposing trend for Fe|AgO and Fe|NbO2 interfaces. In addition to interface ME effect, the formation of ferroelectric interface domain wall (IDW) in these systems is also explored. The IDW is found to form only in SrRuO3/AgNbO3 system with SrO|NbO2 interface due to oppositely oriented strong dipole moments at the two interfaces. The strong dependence of interface ME effect on interface atomic structure may have implication for its experimental observation in oxide heterostructures. In particular, the interface defects may render the conclusive observation of this phenomenon challenging due to resulting fluctuations in the observed data.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Niranjan, Manish KUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: External electric field; Ferroelectric interface; Ferroelectric polarization; Ferromagnetic ferroelectrics; First-principles investigations; Oxide heterostructures; Spin-polarized electrons; Technological applications
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 07:06
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2022 05:17
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