A computational study on osmotic chemotaxis of a reactive Janusbot

Mitra, Shirsendu and Pasupalak, Anshuman and Majumdar, Saptarshi and Bandyopadhyay, Dipankar (2020) A computational study on osmotic chemotaxis of a reactive Janusbot. Physics of Fluids, 32 (11). p. 112018. ISSN 1070-6631

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We explore the chemotaxis of an elliptical double-faced Janus motor (Janusbot) stimulated by a second-order chemical reaction on the surfaces, aA + bB → cC + dD, inside a microfluidic channel. The self-propulsions are modeled considering the full descriptions of hydrodynamic governing equations coupled with reaction-diffusion equations and fluid-structure interaction. The simulations, employing a finite element framework, uncover that the differential rate kinetics of the reactions on the dissimilar faces of the Janusbot help in building up enough osmotic pressure gradient for the motion as a result of non-uniform spatiotemporal variations in the concentrations of the reactants and products around the particle. The simulations uncover that the mass diffusivities of the reactants and products along with the rates of forward and backward reactions play crucial roles in determining the speed and direction of the propulsions. Importantly, we observe that the motor can move even when there is no difference in the total stoichiometry of the reactants and products, (a + b) = (c + d). In such a scenario, while the reaction triggers the motion, the difference in net-diffusivities of the reactants and products develops adequate osmotic thrust for the propulsion. In contrast, for the situations with a + b ≠c + d, the particle can exhibit propulsion even without any difference in net-diffusivities of the reactants and products. The direction and speed of the motion are dependent on difference in mass diffusivities and reaction rate constants at different surfaces.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Majumdar, SaptarshiUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational studies; Forward-and-backward; Governing equations; Mass diffusivity; Microfluidic channel; Reaction diffusion equations; Second-order chemical reactions; Spatio-temporal variation
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 05:22
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2021 05:22
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8415
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1063/5.0025816
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/9872
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