NiCo Metal–Organic Framework and Porous Carbon Interlayer-Based Supercapacitors Integrated with a Solar Cell for a Stand-Alone Power Supply System

Ojha, Manoranjan and Wu, Billy and Deepa, Melepurath (2020) NiCo Metal–Organic Framework and Porous Carbon Interlayer-Based Supercapacitors Integrated with a Solar Cell for a Stand-Alone Power Supply System. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12 (38). pp. 42749-42762. ISSN 1944-8244

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Nickel cobalt-metal-organic framework (NiCo-MOF), with a semihollow spherical morphology composed of rhombic dodecahedron nanostructures, was synthesized using a scalable and facile wet chemical route. Such a structure endowed the material with open pores, which enabled rapid ion ingress and egress, and the high effective surface area of the MOF allowed the uptake and release of a large number of electrolyte ions during charge-discharge. By combining this NiCo-MOF cathode with a highly porous carbon (PC) anode (derived from the naturally grown and abundantly available bio-waste, namely, palm kernel shells), the resulting PC//NiCo-MOF supercapacitor using an aqueous potassium hydroxide (KOH) electrolyte delivered a capacitance of 134 F g-1, energy and power densities of 24 Wh kg-1 and 0.8 kW kg-1 at 1 A g-1, respectively, over an operational voltage window of 1.6 V. By employing thin interlayers of PC coated over a Whatman filter paper (PC@FP), the modified supercapacitor configuration of PC/PC@FP//PC@FP/NiCo-MOF delivered greatly enhanced performance. This cell delivered a capacitance of 520 F g-1 and an energy density of 92 Wh kg-1, improved by nearly 4-fold, compared to the analogous supercapacitor without the interlayers (at the same power and current densities and voltage window), thus evidencing the role of the cost-effective, electrically conducting porous carbon interlayers in amplifying the supercapacitor's energy storage capabilities. Further, illumination of white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) using a three-series configuration and the photocharging of this supercapacitor with a solution-processed solar cell are also demonstrated. The latter confirms its ability to function as a stand-alone power supply system for electronic/computing devices, which can even operate under medium lighting conditions.

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IITH Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effective surface area; Lighting conditions; Operational voltage; Rhombic dodecahedron; Series configuration; Spherical morphologies; Whatman filter papers; White light emitting diodes
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2021 04:39
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2022 06:46
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