Multifunctional Utilization of Pitch‐Coated Carbon Fibers in Lithium‐Based Rechargeable Batteries

Ghosh, Shuvajit and Bhattacharjee, Udita and Patchaiyappan, Sivaraman and Nanda, Jagjit and Dudney, Nancy J. and Martha, Surendra K. (2021) Multifunctional Utilization of Pitch‐Coated Carbon Fibers in Lithium‐Based Rechargeable Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 11 (17). p. 2100135. ISSN 1614-6832

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This work reports carbon fibers as an electrode material and current collector for dual-carbon and lithium-ion batteries. Fully graphitic and semigraphitic carbon fibers undergo anion intercalation beyond 4.5 V versus Li/Li+. Symmetric dual-carbon full cells using a pitch-coated fully graphitic carbon fiber mat as both cathode and anode delivers an energy-density of 276 and 322 Wh kg−1 at 342 W kg−1 power density in the voltage range of 3.0–5.0 and 3.0–5.2 V, respectively. On the other hand, nongraphitic carbon fibers do not exhibit anion intercalation up to 5.2 V and can be used as a current collector. They also possess a larger number of Li+ storage sites in their randomly oriented microstructure when used as an anode. A lithium-ion full cell with double carbon-coated C-LiFePO4 loaded on nongraphitic carbon fiber as a cathode and pitch-coated nongraphitic carbon fiber as an anode exhibits 202.6 and 75.2 Wh kg−1 energy density at power densities of 46.75 W kg−1 and 11.7 kW kg−1, respectively in 2.0–3.5 V range. This pitch-coated carbon fiber-based battery configuration eliminates the need for metal foils and costly fluorinated binders, lowers overall weight of the cell, and is capable of sustaining mechanical stress and thermal shock.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Martha, Surendra Kumar
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon fibers; dual carbon batteries; electrochemical performance; lithium-ion batteries; PF6− intercalation
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2021 08:47
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 09:42
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