Hierarchical amphiphilic high‐efficiency oil–water separation membranes from fermentation derived cellulose and recycled polystyrene

Raghavan, Siju Cherikkattil and PV, Anju and Khandelwal, Mudrika (2021) Hierarchical amphiphilic high‐efficiency oil–water separation membranes from fermentation derived cellulose and recycled polystyrene. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 138 (13). p. 50123. ISSN 0021-8995

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A high-efficiency separation of oil and water can be achieved by using specially designed amphiphilic porous membrane. However, the preparation of such membranes often involves complex multistep chemical processes. Herein, we report an amphiphilic composite membrane (polystyrene [PS]/bacterial cellulose [BC] membrane) consisting of hydrophobic recycled PS and hydrophilic BC, fabricated by a facile in situ fermentation process. Not only these membranes exhibit a combination of contrasting wettability but also comprise of a hierarchical network of microfibers and nanofibers, which makes them ideal for oil–water separation. The structural and morphological properties of as-produced BC, recycled PS membrane, and PS/BC composite membrane were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The ability of the membranes to separate oil and water was tested by using an emulsion of hexane-in-water as the feed and the collected filtrates were characterized by optical microscopy and UV–Vis spectroscopy. PS membranes were unable to separate oil and water, while the PS/BC membrane efficiently separated water from the emulsion. PS/BC composite membranes showed a high water recovery of more than 90%, against only 57% recovery shown by BC. Mechanisms of oil–water separation for each membrane are discussed. The reusability of the PS/BC composite membrane was also demonstrated.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Raghavan, Siju CherikkattilUNSPECIFIED
Khandelwal, Mudrikahttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9717-5381
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biopolymers and renewable polymers; cellulose and other wood products; membranes; polystyrene
Subjects: Social sciences
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2021 04:55
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2021 04:55
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8202
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/app.50123
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/15088
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