Microfluidic Protein Imaging Platform: Study of Tau Protein Aggregation and Alzheimer’s Drug Response

Jain, Shubha and Swain, Sarpras and Das, Lopamudra and Swain, Sarita and Giri, Lopamudra and Kondapi, Anand Kumar and Narayanan Unni, Harikrishnan (2020) Microfluidic Protein Imaging Platform: Study of Tau Protein Aggregation and Alzheimer’s Drug Response. Bioengineering, 7 (4). p. 162. ISSN 2306-5354

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Tau protein aggregation is identified as one of the key phenomena associated with the onset and progression of Alzheimer’s disease. In the present study, we performed on-chip confocal imaging of tau protein aggregation and tau–drug interactions using a spiral-shaped passive micromixing platform. Numerical simulations and experiments were performed in order to validate the performance of the micromixer design. We performed molecular modeling of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced tau aggregation in order to successfully validate the concept of helical tau filament formation. Tau aggregation and native tau restoration were realized using an immunofluorescence antibody assay. The dose–response behavior of an Alzheimer’s drug, methylthioninium chloride (MTC), was monitored on-chip for defining the optimum concentration of the drug. The proposed device was tested for reliability and repeatability of on-chip tau imaging. The amount of the tau protein sample used in our experiments was significantly less than the usage for conventional techniques, and the whole protein–drug assay was realized in less than two hours. We identified that intensity-based tau imaging could be used to study Alzheimer’s drug response. In addition, it was demonstrated that cell-free, microfluidic tau protein assays could be used as potential on-chip drug evaluation tools for Alzheimer’s disease.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Narayanan Unni, HarikrishnanUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Microfluidics; Tau protein;
Subjects: Biomedical Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2021 05:30
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2021 05:30
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8186
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering7040162
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/25579
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