Diving below the Spin-down Limit: Constraints on Gravitational Waves from the Energetic Young Pulsar PSR J0537-6910

Abbott, R. and Abbott, T D and Abraham, S. and Somala, S N (2021) Diving below the Spin-down Limit: Constraints on Gravitational Waves from the Energetic Young Pulsar PSR J0537-6910. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 913 (2). L27. ISSN 2041-8205

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Abstract

We present a search for quasi-monochromatic gravitational-wave signals from the young, energetic X-ray pulsar PSR J0537-6910 using data from the second and third observing runs of LIGO and Virgo. The search is enabled by a contemporaneous timing ephemeris obtained using Neutron star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) data. The NICER ephemeris has also been extended through 2020 October and includes three new glitches. PSR J0537-6910 has the largest spin-down luminosity of any pulsar and exhibits fRequent and strong glitches. Analyses of its long-term and interglitch braking indices provide intriguing evidence that its spin-down energy budget may include gravitational-wave emission from a time-varying mass quadrupole moment. Its 62 Hz rotation frequency also puts its possible gravitational-wave emission in the most sensitive band of the LIGO/Virgo detectors. Motivated by these considerations, we search for gravitational-wave emission at both once and twice the rotation frequency from PSR J0537-6910. We find no signal, however, and report upper limits. Assuming a rigidly rotating triaxial star, our constraints reach below the gravitational-wave spin-down limit for this star for the first time by more than a factor of 2 and limit gravitational waves from the l = m = 2 mode to account for less than 14% of the spin-down energy budget. The fiducial equatorial ellipticity is constrained to less than about 3 ×10-5, which is the third best constraint for any young pulsar.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Somala, S Nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-2663-3351
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gravitational waves;Energetic Young Pulsar PSR J0537-6910
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2021 11:23
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2021 11:23
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8115
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abffcd
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/6402
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