Effects of Doped N, B, P, and S Atoms on Graphene toward Oxygen Evolution Reactions

Priyadarsini, Adyasa and Mallik, Bhabani S. (2021) Effects of Doped N, B, P, and S Atoms on Graphene toward Oxygen Evolution Reactions. ACS Omega, 6 (8). pp. 5368-5378. ISSN 2470-1343

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Molecular oxygen and hydrogen can be obtained from the water-splitting process through the electrolysis technique. However, harnessing energy is very challenging in this way due to the involvement of the 4e- reaction pathway, which is associated with a substantial amount of reaction barrier. After the report of the first N-doped graphene acting as an oxygen reduction reaction catalyst, the scientific community set out on exploring more reliable doping materials, better material engineering techniques, and developing computational models to explain the interfacial reactions. In this study, we modeled the graphene surface with four different nonmetal doping atoms N, B, P, and S individually by replacing a carbon atom from one of the graphitic positions. We report the mechanism of the complete catalytic cycle for each of the doped surfaces by the doping atom. The energy barriers for individual steps were explored using the biased first-principles molecular dynamics simulations to overcome the high reaction barrier. We explain the active sites and provide a comparison between the activation energy obtained by the application of two computational methods. Observing the rate-determining step, that is, oxo-oxo bond formation, S-doped graphene is the most effective. In contrast, N-doped graphene seems to be the least useful for oxygen evolution catalysis compared to the undoped graphene surface. B-doped graphene and P-doped graphene have an equivalent impact on the catalytic cycle.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Priyadarsini, AdyasaUNSPECIFIED
Mallik, Bhabani Shankarhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-9657-1497
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atoms on Graphene,Oxygen Evolution Reactions
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2021 08:41
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2021 08:41
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/8058
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c05538
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/31790
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