Complete dimensional collapse in the continuum limit of a delayed SEIQR network model with separable distributed infectivity

Vyasarayani, C. P. and Chatterjee, Anindya (2020) Complete dimensional collapse in the continuum limit of a delayed SEIQR network model with separable distributed infectivity. Nonlinear Dynamics, 101 (3). pp. 1653-1665. ISSN 0924-090X

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We take up a recently proposed compartmental SEIQR model with delays, ignore loss of immunity in the context of a fast pandemic, extend the model to a network structured on infectivity and consider the continuum limit of the same with a simple separable interaction model for the infectivities β. Numerical simulations show that the evolving dynamics of the network is effectively captured by a single scalar function of time, regardless of the distribution of β in the population. The continuum limit of the network model allows a simple derivation of the simpler model, which is a single scalar delay differential equation (DDE), wherein the variation in β appears through an integral closely related to the moment generating function of u=β. If the first few moments of u exist, the governing DDE can be expanded in a series that shows a direct correspondence with the original compartmental DDE with a single β. Even otherwise, the new scalar DDE can be solved using either numerical integration over u at each time step, or with the analytical integral if available in some useful form. Our work provides a new academic example of complete dimensional collapse, ties up an underlying continuum model for a pandemic with a simpler-seeming compartmental model and will hopefully lead to new analysis of continuum models for epidemics.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Vyasarayani, Chandrika Prakash
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compartmental model; Continuum limits; Continuum Modeling; Delay differential equations; Interaction model; Moment generating function; Numerical integrations; Simple derivations
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2021 07:09
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 05:06
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