An industrial insight on treatment strategies of the pharmaceutical industry effluent with varying qualitative characteristics

Lalwani, Jitesh and Gupta, Ashutosh and Thatikonda, Shashidhar and Ch, Subrahmanyam (2020) An industrial insight on treatment strategies of the pharmaceutical industry effluent with varying qualitative characteristics. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 8 (5). p. 104190. ISSN 22133437

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This study aims to provide non-biological treatment solutions to the pharmaceutical industry, depending on the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the wastewater. Commonly overlooked aspects of industrial wastewater such as its fluctuating characteristics, selection of suitable sampling points, and adopting an appropriate treatment methodology are addressed. Different units in a drug-producing industry and chief ingredients at each stage were identified. An appropriate sampling point was finalized following a series of systematic and repeated samplings of prominent industrial locations, at different periods. High organic and solids strength industrial wastewater samples were characterized and subjected to various physico-chemical and oxidative techniques, namely electrocoagulation (EC), chemical coagulation, photocatalytic oxidation, electro-Fenton's (EF), Photo-Fenton's (PF), and Fenton's oxidation. The highest total organic carbon (TOC) reduction efficiencies about 47, 23, and 62 % were obtained from Fenton's oxidation for distinct samplings. The variation in quality of effluent heavily influences the treatment efficacies of individual treatment schemes. Hence, rigid treatment protocols are inadvisable to propose for industrial perspectives to handle diurnal variations in effluent characteristics. Rather, industry-specific solutions may be provided, depending on the type of wastewater generated.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Lalwani, JiteshUNSPECIFIED
Gupta, AshutoshUNSPECIFIED
Thatikonda, Shashidhar
Ch, Subrahmanyam
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biological treatment; Chemical coagulations; Industrial wastewaters; Pharmaceutical industry; Photocatalytic oxidations; Qualitative characteristics; Reduction efficiency; Total Organic Carbon
Subjects: Chemistry
Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering > Oils, fats, waxes, gases
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2021 04:29
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2021 04:29
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