Candidate periodically variable quasars from the Dark Energy Survey and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

Chen, Y.-C. and Liu, X. and Liao, W.-T. and Desai, Shantanu et. al. (2020) Candidate periodically variable quasars from the Dark Energy Survey and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 499 (2). pp. 2245-2264. ISSN 00358711

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Abstract

Periodically variable quasars have been suggested as close binary supermassive black holes. We present a systematic search for periodic light curves in 625 spectroscopically confirmed quasars with a median redshift of 1.8 in a 4.6 deg2 overlapping region of the Dark Energy Survey Supernova (DES-SN) fields and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Stripe 82 (SDSS-S82). Our sample has a unique 20-yr long multicolour (griz) light curve enabled by combining DES-SN Y6 observations with archival SDSS-S82 data. The deep imaging allows us to search for periodic light curves in less luminous quasars (down to r∼23.5 mag) powered by less massive black holes (with masses ≳ 108.5M⊙) at high redshift for the first time. We find five candidates with significant (at >99.74 per cent single-frequency significance in at least two bands with a global p-value of ∼7 × 10-4 -3 × 10-3 accounting for the look-elsewhere effect) periodicity with observed periods of ∼3-5 yr (i.e. 1-2 yr in rest frame) having ∼4-6 cycles spanned by the observations. If all five candidates are periodically variable quasars, this translates into a detection rate of ∼0.8+0.5-0.3 per cent or ∼1.1+0.7-0.5 quasar per deg2. Our detection rate is 4-80 times larger than those found by previous searches using shallower surveys over larger areas. This discrepancy is likely caused by differences in the quasar populations probed and the survey data qualities. We discuss implications on the future direct detection of low-frequency gravitational waves. Continued photometric monitoring will further assess the robustness and characteristics of these candidate periodic quasars to determine their physical origins. © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Desai, Shantanuhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-0466-3288
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: black hole physics, galaxies: active, galaxies: high-redshift, galaxies: nuclei, quasars: general, surveys
Subjects: Physics
Physics > Astronomy Astrophysics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 31 May 2021 06:51
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 06:51
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7890
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2957
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/24618
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