A model-independent test of the evolution of gas depletion factor for SPT-SZ and Planck ESZ clusters

Bora, Kamal and Desai, Shantanu (2021) A model-independent test of the evolution of gas depletion factor for SPT-SZ and Planck ESZ clusters. The European Physical Journal C, 81 (4). ISSN 1434-6044

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The gas mass fraction in galaxy clusters has been widely used to determine cosmological parameters. This method assumes that the ratio of the cluster gas mass fraction to the cosmic baryon fraction (γ(z)) is constant as a function of redshift. In this work, we look for a time evolution of γ(z) at R500 by using both the SPT-SZ and Planck Early SZ (ESZ) cluster data, in a model-independent fashion without any explicit dependence on the underlying cosmology. For this calculation, we use a non-parametric functional form for the Hubble parameter obtained from Gaussian Process regression using cosmic chronometers. We parameterize γ(z) as: γ(z) = γ(1 + γ1z) to constrain the redshift evolution. We find contradictory results between both the samples. For SPT-SZ, γ(z) decreases as a function of redshift (at more than 5σ), whereas a positive trend with redshift is found for Planck ESZ data (at more than 4σ). We however find that the γ1 values for a subset of SPT-SZ and Planck ESZ clusters between the same redshift interval agree to within 1 σ. When we allow for a dependence on the halo mass in the evolution of the gas depletion factor, the 4 - 5 σ discrepancy reduces to 2 σ.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Desai, Shantanuhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-0466-3288
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Galaxies, Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, XMM-newton Telescope
Subjects: Computer science
Physics > Astronomy Astrophysics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 29 May 2021 10:12
Last Modified: 29 May 2021 10:12
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7879
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-021-09099-4
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/11219
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