Seismic Fragility Assessment of Unreinforced Masonry Shear Walls

Vemuri, Jayaprakash and Subramaniam, K. V. L. (2020) Seismic Fragility Assessment of Unreinforced Masonry Shear Walls. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, 74. pp. 1-14. ISSN 2366-2557

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The 2001 7.6 earthquake which struck the Kutch region in the western part of India was one of the largest intraplate earthquakes to have struck the Indian subcontinent. There was extensive destruction of unreinforced brick masonry (URM) buildings in the region. Assessing the vulnerability of the masonry structures of this region is complicated due to a lack of accelerograms and realistic models for the cyclic response of masonry. In this paper, synthetic accelerograms for the region are generated using the modified stochastic finite-fault method. The monotonic backbone curve is developed using a mechanics-based approach. Stress-based criteria are used to identify the displacement limit states. Experimental data of two URM shear walls are used to calibrate hysteretic models for performing nonlinear time-history analyses. Damage predictions show good comparison with the earthquake reconnaissance reports on URM damage. Seismic fragility curves indicate the high vulnerability of URM structures under the expected range of seismic intensities for the region.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Subramaniam, Kolluru V.L.UNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fragility, Nonlinear time-history analyses, Peak ground acceleration, Peak ground velocity, Seismic assessment, Unreinforced masonry
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Construction & Building Technology
Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering > Standards
Civil Engineering > Bridges
Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Civil Engineering > Instrumentation
Civil Engineering > Geosystems
Civil Engineering > Geoenvironmental Engineering
Civil Engineering > Earthquake Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 29 May 2021 07:02
Last Modified: 29 May 2021 07:02
Publisher URL:
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