Blast Furnace Slag Hydration in an Alkaline Medium: Influence of Sodium Content and Sodium Hydroxide Molarity

Reddy, K. Chiranjeevi and Subramaniam, Kolluru V. L. (2020) Blast Furnace Slag Hydration in an Alkaline Medium: Influence of Sodium Content and Sodium Hydroxide Molarity. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 32 (12). 04020371. ISSN 0899-1561

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The reaction of blast furnace slag in sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solutions of different molarities is evaluated. The compressive strength of the activated slag does not scale with the molarity of NaOH. The primary reaction product in the activated slag is identified with calcium aluminosilicate hydrate [C(A)SH]. While the early reactivity of slag is enhanced at higher alkalinity, and the dissolution of slag increases with the molarity of NaOH, the quantity of C(A)SH in the hydrating system does not scale with the molarity of NaOH in the activated slag. From X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, an additional water-soluble, sodium-based amorphous product is identified in the reaction products. The water-soluble product, which does not contribute to strength, increases proportionately with the initial Na content in the solution. At higher molarity, there is a larger proportion of the water-soluble product relative to C(A)SH in the reaction products. The Ca/Si ratio and Al/Si ratios in the C(A)SH gel are relatively invariant of the NaOH molarity in the activating solution. The compressive strength gain in the alkali-activated slag is determined by the quantities of C(A)SH and the intrinsic sodium-filled water-soluble product.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Subramaniam, Kolluru V.L.UNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkali-activated, calcium (alumina) silicate hydrate [C(A)SH], Dissolution, SlagSodium
Subjects: Chemistry > Electrochemistry
Chemistry > Physical chemistry
Chemistry > Techniques, procedures, apparatus, equipment, materials
Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Chemistry > Organic chemistry
Chemistry > Crystallography
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 29 May 2021 05:30
Last Modified: 29 May 2021 05:30
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