Spray Collapse in a Multi-hole GDI Injector and Its Effect on In-Cylinder Combustion

Kale, Rakesh and Banerjee, Raja (2018) Spray Collapse in a Multi-hole GDI Injector and Its Effect on In-Cylinder Combustion. In: Two-Phase Flow for Automotive and Power Generation Sectors. Springer Nature, pp. 43-61.

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Gasoline direct injection (GDI) system has been shown to have several advantages over the more conventional Port Fuel Injection system in a SI engine. However, it has also been reported that GDI engines have higher particulate emissions. One of the possible reasons for this higher particulate emission is collapse of the spray emanating from the injector and wetting on the piston head, particularly when the engine is operating under high-load conditions. In this study, a detailed analysis has been performed to understand spray collapse and its effect on in-cylinder combustion for three different fuels: isooctane, n-butanol, and isobutanol. Initially, spray studies in a constant volume chamber were performed. Parameters like liquid and vapor penetration lengths, droplet size, and velocity distribution were estimated from image analysis of high-speed videography and phase Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA). To mimic in-cylinder conditions, the injector body temperature was raised such that injected fuel was also at elevated temperature. Spray collapse was observed at higher fuel temperature conditions, and this resulted in higher axial liquid penetration and finer droplet size distribution. Similar experiments were then performed in an optically accessible engine, and it was observed that spray collapse at higher fuel temperature leads to wetting of the piston wall. It also leads to formation of pool fire over the piston head which may lead to particulate emission. Effect of engine operating conditions like start of injection on wall wetting and formation of pool fire has been quantified using image analysis of high-speed videography.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Banerjee, Rajahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7163-1470
Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alcohols, Flash-boiling, Fuel impingement, GDI engine, Pool fire, Spray collapse
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Physics > Mechanical and aerospace > Transportation Science & Technology
Physics > Pneumatics
Physics > Sound, light and Heat
Physics > Modern physics
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 28 May 2021 08:04
Last Modified: 28 May 2021 08:04
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7863
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3256-2_3
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