A combined experimental and computational study of flow-blurring atomization in a twin-fluid atomizer

Murugan, Raju and Kolhe, Pankaj S. and Sahu, Kirti Chandra (2020) A combined experimental and computational study of flow-blurring atomization in a twin-fluid atomizer. European Journal of Mechanics, B/Fluids, 84. pp. 528-541. ISSN 0997-7546

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A twin-fluid pneumatic injector system with coaxial liquid and air streams mixed slightly upstream of the outlet, is studied in a cross-flow arrangement to understand its working principle. The gap between the orifice and the liquid tube, where the air and liquid cross-flow occurs, is known to determine the modes of working of the atomizer for the given operating flow rates of air and liquid. The two distinct modes, namely the flow focusing (FF) and flow blurring (FB) are observed in the present study, and the transition from FF to FB mode is explored using optical visualization. The characteristics of the internal two-phase flow mixing that occurs due to backflow recirculation in FB mode are also investigated by performing large eddy simulation (LES) using the volume of fluid (VoF) approach. The results of the numerical simulation are validated with experimental observations for the length of backflow recirculation observed in the liquid tube. The present study demonstrates the development of multiple microjets, which explains experimental observations of the lack of core jet and the almost uniform distribution of radial Sauter mean diameter (SMD) reported in the literature. The high-resolution backlit image of a scaled-up transparent injector with a 6 mm orifice diameter validates the numerical results that describe the internal two-phase flow.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sahu, Kirti Chandrahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7357-1141
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flow blurring,Flow visualization,Multiphase flow,Numerical simulation,Twin-fluid atomizer
Subjects: Chemistry
Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering > Fluid Mechanics
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 06 May 2021 07:03
Last Modified: 06 May 2021 07:03
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7763
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechflu.2020.07.008
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/13223
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