A study of two unequal-sized droplets undergoing oblique collision

Chaitanya, Gembali Sai and Sahu, Kirti Chandra and Biswas, Gautam (2021) A study of two unequal-sized droplets undergoing oblique collision. Physics of Fluids, 33 (2). 022110. ISSN 1070-6631

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The oblique collision of two unequal-sized liquid droplets in a gaseous environment is investigated numerically. It is found that the asymmetry in the flow field arising due to unequal-sized droplets and oblique collision greatly alters the collision outcomes observed in the case of the head-on collision of identical droplets. Our results reveal that permanent coalescence occurs at intermediate collision angles, but head-on and large-angle collisions result in reflexive separation and stretching separation, respectively. Moreover, we found that the end-pinching mechanism is operational in the case of head-on collision, and the capillary wave instability is responsible for the ligament breakup for large collision angles. It is also observed that the droplets coalesce permanently for low velocity ratios and high radius ratios, but for high velocity ratios and low radius ratios, the droplets coalesce temporarily and then split again. By conducting a large number of numerical simulations, the collision outcomes and the boundary separating them are plotted on R r - W e and θ - W e planes, where We, Rr, and θ represent the Weber number, radius ratio of droplets, and collision angle, respectively.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sahu, Kirti Chandrahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7357-1141
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Velocity, Capillary wave,Collision angles,End-pinching mechanism
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering > Fluid Mechanics
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 06 May 2021 07:28
Last Modified: 06 May 2021 07:28
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7759
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1063/5.0038734
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/9872
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