Effects of Cr alloying on the evolution of solidification microstructure and phase transformations of high-Nb containing γ-TiAl based alloys

Singh, Vajinder and Mondal, Chandan and Sarkar, Rajdeep and Bhattacharjee, Pinaki Prasad and Ghosal, P (2021) Effects of Cr alloying on the evolution of solidification microstructure and phase transformations of high-Nb containing γ-TiAl based alloys. Intermetallics, 131. p. 107117. ISSN 0966-9795

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Evolution of the as-solidified microstructures of Ti–45Al–8Nb, Ti–45Al–8Nb–2Cr-0.2B, Ti–45Al–8Nb–4Cr-0.2B alloys, and phase stability during high-temperature exposure (1000°, 1100°,1200 °C) have been analyzed in the present report. Macroscopic examinations of the as-cast pancakes indicate that Nb, Cr, and B alloying can be effectively utilized as potential grain/colony size refiners for Ti–45Al base TiAl alloys. However, the as-cast microstructure varies considerably from a nearly fully lamellar (α2+γ) structure for 0 at.% Cr to a dominant coarse-γ laths+β(B2) structure for 4 at.% Cr addition to the baseline Ti–45Al–8Nb alloy. Examination of characteristics of prior-β dendritic morphology and associated crystallographic considerations and surface relief effects establish that all the alloys studied here solidify through the β-phase field. No peritectic α formation could be established. Formation of γ within β phase and lamellar microstructures are attributed to the reactions β→β+γ, and α→α2+γ, respectively in the as-cast condition. It has been established that strong Cr partitioning in the β-phase significantly slows down the kinetics of β-phase decomposition into γ, and σ. This causes departure from the evolution of phases as predicted by thermodynamic calculations. The solidification microstructure resulting from the solid-state phase transformations are further discussed in terms of the micro-segregation and crystallographic characteristics of the parent and the product phases.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Bhattacharjee, Pinaki Prasadhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-6422-2601
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: EBSD, Microstructure,Phase transformations, Solidification, TEMTiAl-based alloy
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Materials Engineering > Composite materials
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2021 11:29
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2021 11:29
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7646
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.intermet.2021.107117
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/16948
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