Etched profile control in anisotropic etching of silicon by TMAH+Triton

Pal, Prem and Gosalvez, M A and Sato, K (2012) Etched profile control in anisotropic etching of silicon by TMAH+Triton. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 22 (6). ISSN 0960-1317

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The adverse effect of mechanical agitation (magnetic bead stirring) as well as galvanic interaction between the evolving facets of the etch front on the amount of undercutting during anisotropic etching of Si{100} wafers in surfactant-added tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) is studied by etching different mask patterns in magnetically stirred and nonstirred solutions. Triton X-100, with formula C 14H 22O(C 2H 4O) n, where n = 910, is used as the surfactant. The stirring results conclude that the adsorption of the surfactant on the etched silicon surfaces is predominantly physical in nature rather than chemical (physisorption versus chemisorption). The proposed model to account for the galvanic interaction between the evolving facets indicates that the underlying chemical etching process can be significantly surpassed by the onset of an electrochemical etching contribution when the relative area of the exposed {100} surface becomes relatively small in comparison to that of the developed {111} sidewalls. This study is useful for engineering applications where surfactant-added TMAH is used for the fabrication of silicon MEMS structures that should contain negligible undercutting

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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adverse effect; Chemical-etching process; Engineering applications; Galvanic interaction; Magnetic beads; Mask patterns; Mechanical agitation; Profile control; Silicon MEMS; Silicon surfaces; Tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide; Triton X-100
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2014 10:07
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 05:58
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