Role of CNC1 gene in TDP-43 aggregation-induced oxidative stress-mediated cell death in S. cerevisiae model of AL

Bharathi, Vidhya and Girdhar, Amandeep and Patel, Basant Kumar (2020) Role of CNC1 gene in TDP-43 aggregation-induced oxidative stress-mediated cell death in S. cerevisiae model of AL. Bioarxiv.

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TDP-43 is a multi-functional ribonucleoprotein that is also found deposited as hyper-phosphorylated and ubiquitinated TDP-43 inclusions in the brain and spinal cord of the patients of the motor neuron diseases, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Till date, how the cell death ensues is not fully deciphered although several molecular mechanisms of the TDP-43 toxicity such as impairments of endocytosis and chromatin remodelling, mis-regulations of autophagy and proteasome function, mis-localization to the mitochondria and generation of oxidative stress etc., have been proposed. A predominantly nuclear protein, Cyclin C, can regulate the oxidative stress response by affecting the transcription of stress response genes and also by translocation to the cytoplasm for the activation of the mitochondrial fragmentation-dependent cell death pathway. Using the well-established yeast model of TDP-43 aggregation and toxicity, we examined here whether upon TDP-43 aggregation, the cell survival depends on the presence of the CNC1 gene that encodes Cyclin C protein or other genes that encode proteins that function in conjunction with Cyclin C, such as the DNM1, FIS1 and MED13 genes. We found that the TDP-43 toxicity is significantly reduced in the yeast deleted for the CNC1 or DNM1 genes. Importantly, the rescue of TDP-43 toxicity in these yeast deletion backgrounds required the presence of functional mitochondria. Also, the deletion of YBH3 gene, which encodes for a protein involved in the mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, also reduced the TDP-43 toxicity. Furthermore, Cyclin C-YFP was observed to localize from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in response to the TDP-43 co-expression. Also, this cytoplasmic localization of Cyclin C was prevented by the addition of an anti-oxidant molecule, N-acetyl-cysteine. Taken together, our data suggest that Cyclin C, Dnm1 and Ybh3 proteins are important in mediating the TDP-43-induced oxidative stress-mediated cell death in the S. cerevisiae model.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Patel, Basant Kumar
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Others > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 06:13
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2020 06:13
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