Effect of viscosity and density ratios on two drops rising side by side

Balla, Mounika and Kavuri, Sivanandan and Sahu, Kirti Chandra and et al, . (2020) Effect of viscosity and density ratios on two drops rising side by side. Physical Review Fluids, 5. ISSN 2469-990X

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We study the dynamics of a pair of initially spherical drops rising side by side in a surrounding, denser, fluid. Our primary focus is on liquid-liquid systems, and a range of viscosity and density ratios is explored by three-dimensional numerical simulations. Interesting dynamics are reported, which cannot be extrapolated from previously known dynamics of gas-liquid systems. Similar to two air bubbles though, we find that two liquid drops move away from each other as they rise, in cases where a single drop would rise vertically. A pair of light drops always remains in two-dimensional motion, and higher drop viscosity increases the tendency of wobbling. This is in contrast with the dynamics of a single drop that follows a highly three-dimensional trajectory at very low drop viscosity, but is restricted to two-dimensional motion at higher drop viscosity. On the other hand, a pair of heavier drops displays three-dimensional behavior at low drop viscosity and two-dimensional behavior at high viscosity. We find that a pair of drops is far less sensitive to viscosity contrast than a single drop is, in our parameter range. In contrast to gas-liquid systems, where the shape change of the bubble was tied to nonlinear dynamics of the trajectory, we find in liquid-liquid systems that interesting drop trajectories can occur without corresponding large shape changes. It is found that the separation distance between the drops exhibits a nonmonotonic trend with an increase in the density ratio. The physical reason for this nonmonotonic trend is simple and explained by inspecting the velocity components.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sahu, Kirti Chandrahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7357-1141
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indexed in Scopus
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2020 09:49
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2020 09:49
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7402
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.013601
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