Structure and stretching dynamics of water molecules around an amphiphilic amide from FPMD simulations: A case study of N,N-dimethylformamide

Biswas, Aritri and Mallik, Bhabani Shankar (2020) Structure and stretching dynamics of water molecules around an amphiphilic amide from FPMD simulations: A case study of N,N-dimethylformamide. Journal of Molecular Liquids. p. 112524. ISSN 0167-7322

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a unique tertiary amphiphilic amide, where the presence of a hydrophilic aldehyde group favors hydrogen bond acceptance, but two hydrophobic methyl substituents inhibit interaction with water molecules. As a result, the water molecules encounter two different environments in the vicinity of DMF molecule: around the hydrophobic nitrogen site; and near the hydrophilic carbonyl oxygen. We employ first principles molecular dynamics methods to simulate an aqueous solution of DMF using PBE functional with Grimme's D3 dispersion correction at 330 K. Investigations on the liquid structure to understand inter-atomic interactions in amides attract much attention. We calculated various structural and dynamical properties along with vibrational stretching frequency of water molecules to understand heterogeneously affected water molecules by an amphiphilic amide molecule. In solvated DMF, the first peak minimum of the N-OW and OC-OW radial distribution functions (‘w’ subscript denotes atoms of water) are located at 5.72 and 3.16 Å, respectively. These distance cutoffs decide the boundary of the solvation shell. At OC-HW distance 2.45 Å, the deep peak minimum indicates stable OC … HW hydrogen bond. Previous Monte Carlo simulations reported the presence of hydrogen bonds between the oxygen site of DMF and hydrogen of water. The time-series wavelet method was used to compute the time-dependent frequencies of the hydroxyl groups of water. The average frequency of the OH modes inside the CO solvation shell (~3364 cm−1) in DMF is higher than bulk (~3337 cm−1), and the trend matches with an aqueous solution of acetone. In nitrogen hydration shell, the intense band resembles the bulk frequency distribution, and a narrow distinctive peak at the high-frequency side (range ~3650–3750 cm−1) represents the non‑hydrogen bonded or dangling OH groups. Raman spectroscopy in hydrophobic TBA and air/water interface displayed dangling OH stretch peak at ~3660 cm−1 and ~3710 cm−1, respectively. Our calculation of the frequency distribution, frequency-frequency correlation function, and hydrogen bond dynamics show the water molecules at bulk behave as in pure water. Inside the solvation shell of aminic nitrogen, non‑hydrogen bonded OH modes with a dangling lifetime ~0.38 ps dominates over the water-water hydrogen bonds. The time-dependent decay of the frequency correlation inside CO solvation shell has three decay components, a rapid decay, then, an intermediate component (~1.52 ps) corresponding to the lifetime of the carbonyl-water hydrogen bond, and the longer timescale ~11.97 ps representing the residence time of water molecules in the vicinity of carbonyl oxygen. We find that the carbonyl-water hydrogen bond (OC … HW) is stronger than the water-water hydrogen bond. The methyl substituents on the nitrogen of DMF impose weak hydrophobic interaction, and the hydrophilic carbonyl oxygen forms a strong hydrogen bond with the neighboring water resulting in localized dynamics.

[error in script]
IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Mallik, Bhabani Shankar
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 05:30
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 05:30
Publisher URL:
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Statistics for RAIITH ePrint 7378 Statistics for this ePrint Item