Ternary Composites Using Graphitic Carbon Nitride/Tin Disulfide/Reduced Graphene Oxide (mpg-C3N4/Sns2/RGO) for Visible Driven Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

Pulipaka, Supriya and Koushik, Krishna sai and Boni, Nikhila and et al, . (2018) Ternary Composites Using Graphitic Carbon Nitride/Tin Disulfide/Reduced Graphene Oxide (mpg-C3N4/Sns2/RGO) for Visible Driven Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting. In: ECS Meeting Abstracts, 2018.

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Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is the potent technology to solve the global issues of energy crisis and environmental pollution. It converts solar energy to chemical energy stored in the form of hydrogen. In practical application, no single material can meet all the requirements for PEC water splitting. Two-dimensional (2D) nanostructures have been developed as potential materials for application in photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting due to their unique structure and fascinating properties. However, the light harvesting ability of bulk or nanosized materials are always limited due to the low light transmittance and high reflection at the grain boundaries. Also, the photo generated charge carriers inside the semiconductor with atomistic thickness will reach the surface faster relative to bulk materials due to the shortened transport distance. SnS2 is a two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenide with a layered cadmium iodide (CdI2) structure. It has a narrow band gap of 2.18-2.44 eV. It is inexpensive, nontoxic and chemically stable in acidic and neutral solutions. A metal free semiconductor, known as graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) also possesses a layered 2D structure and has been reported to have potential applications in photocatalysis. It exhibits various interesting properties, including visible-light absorption with a band gap of 2.7 eV. However, g-C3N4 suffers from low electrical conductivity which can be enhanced by the use of reduced graphene oxide (RGO). RGO has been extensively used by combining with various semiconductors to develop efficient photocatalysts. In the present work, ternary composites consisting of 2D nanomaterials of SnS2, reduced graphene oxide (RGO), and mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride (mpg-C3N4) were synthesized by using hydrothermal method. The presence of SnS2, mpg-C3N4 and RGO was confirmed by XRD, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and TEM. The single SnS2 nanosheet acquires a hexagonal structure with a lateral size of 20-50 nm. Generally, these SnS2 nanosheets tend to agglomerate which is prevented by RGO nanosheets. Due to the intimate face-to-face interactions offered by the 2D structured constituents, the obtained composite showed excellent performance as photoanode. The ternary composite showed photocurrent density of 1.4 mA/cm 2 at 1.2 V versus RHE, which is over 28 times higher than that of the pure SnS2 material and almost 5 times more than C3N4-SnS2 composite.The superior photocatalytic activity of the mpg-C3N4/SnS2/RGO composite is attributed to enhanced separation of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs, as well as increased visible-light absorption.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Meduri, PraveenUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 09:03
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2019 09:03
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7174
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