En-face choroidal vascularity map of the macula in healthy eyes

Singh, Sumit Randhir and Parveen, Nishad and Jana, Soumya and et al, . (2019) En-face choroidal vascularity map of the macula in healthy eyes. European Journal of Ophthalmology. p. 112067211988359. ISSN 1120-6721

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Purpose:To report the en-face choroidal vascularity index in healthy eyes Methods:Thirty eyes of 30 healthy individuals were studied. Multiple high-density cross-sectional swept source optical coherence tomography scans were obtained to create a volume scan. The choroid was segmented for the whole volume scan and choroidal inner boundaries were flattened. Subsequently, multiple en-face scans separated by 25 µm were obtained and binarized. Choroidal vascularity index was calculated at level of choriocapillaris, medium, and large choroidal vessels. Results:The mean age of the study cohort was 35.6 ± 8.8 years. The overall mean en-face choroidal vascularity index was 54.25 ± 0.55%. There was a statistically significant difference of choroidal vascularity index in choriocapillaris (53.16 ± 0.43%), medium choroidal vessel (51.38 ± 0.27%), and large choroidal vessel (55.69 ± 0.87%) (p < 0.01). Choroidal vascularity index analysis in three subgroups based on subfoveal choroidal thickness (low: <300 µm, medium: 300–400 µm, high: >400 µm) showed a statistically significant difference (p = 0.001). Choroidal vascularity index showed a significant correlation with subfoveal choroidal thickness (r = 0.441; p = 0.015), whereas there was no significant correlation of age (p = 0.21), refraction (p = 0.20), and gender (p = 0.67) with en-face choroidal vascularity index. Conclusion:En-face choroidal vascularity index shows a significant variation at the level of choriocapillaris, medium choroidal vessel, and large choroidal vessel in normal eyes. Choroidal vascularity index reaches a nadir at the level of medium choroidal vessel and reaches the maximum value at large choroidal vessel near choroidoscleral interface. En-face choroidal vascularity index shows a significant physiological variation and appears to increase with increase in subfoveal choroidal thickness.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2019 04:42
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2019 04:42
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7068
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1177/1120672119883593
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