Wood‐Derived Carbon Fibers Embedded with SnO x Nanoparticles as Anode Material for Lithium‐Ion Batteries

Revathi, Janardhanan and Jyothirmayi, Adduru and Rao, Tata Narasinga and Deshpande, Atul Suresh (2019) Wood‐Derived Carbon Fibers Embedded with SnO x Nanoparticles as Anode Material for Lithium‐Ion Batteries. Global Challenges. p. 1900048. ISSN 2056-6646

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Carbon–SnOx composites are obtained by impregnating acetylacetone‐treated, delignified wood fibers with tin precursor and successively carbonizing at 1000 °C in 95% argon and 5% oxygen. Scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen sorption studies (Brunauer–Emmett–Teller) show that acetylacetone treatment stabilizes the wood fiber structure during carbonization at 1000 °C and preserves the porous structural features. X‐ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies show that the small amount of oxygen introduced in inert atmosphere passivates the surface of tin nanoparticles. The passivation process yields thermally and electrochemically stable SnOx particles embedded in carbon matrix. The resultant carbon–SnOx material with 16 wt% SnOx shows excellent electrochemical performance of rate capability from 0.1 to 10 A g−1 and cycling stability for 1000 cycles with Li‐ion storage capacity of 280 mAh g−1 at a current density of 10 A g−1. The remarkable electrochemical performance of wood‐derived carbon–SnOx composite is attributed to the reproduction of structural featured wood fibers to nanoscale in carbon–SnOx composite and controlled passivation of tin nanoparticles to yield SnOx nanoparticles.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Deshpande, Atul SureshUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2019 04:36
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2019 04:36
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7001
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/gch2.201900048
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