Surface Texturing of Silicon {100} in an Extremely Low Concentration TMAH for Minimized Reflectivity

Gupta, Arti and Pal, Prem and Sharma, Chandra Shekhar (2019) Surface Texturing of Silicon {100} in an Extremely Low Concentration TMAH for Minimized Reflectivity. ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 8 (10). P622-P628. ISSN 2162-8769

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Micro-texturing of silicon front surface which consists of geometrical array of structures is needed to reduce the overall reflectance and to increase light trapping by multiple internal reflections of incident light for solar cell application. A wet anisotropic etching technique based on the alkaline solution is widely used to form micro-sized pyramidal structures on the silicon surface. In this work, an extremely low concentration tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) is employed for texturing the surface of {100} oriented monocrystalline silicon without adding any additive and agitation during etching to investigate the surface roughness and thereby reflectance. TMAH concentration is varied from 1.0-0.1 wt% in a step of 0.1 wt%. For each concentration, time of etching is also varied from 20-100 min with an interval of 20 min at a fixed temperature of 70°C. Surface morphology and surface roughness for as-textured silicon surfaces are analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and 3D laser scanning microscope, respectively. SEM images of etched silicon surface with 0.5 wt% TMAH confirm uniform and dense pyramidal structures. As measured by UV-Vis spectrometer using integrating sphere mode, we were able to achieve the lowest reflectance of 8.3% at 570 nm and solar weighted reflectance (RSW) of 9.7% in visible range after 80 min of etching in 0.5 wt% TMAH solution at 70°C.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sharma, Chandra Shekhar
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indexed in Scopus and WoS
Subjects: Physics
Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2019 09:09
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 09:09
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