First principles study of lead free piezoelectric AgNbO 3 and (Ag 1-xK x)NbO 3 solid solutions

Niranjan, Manish K and Asthana, Saket (2012) First principles study of lead free piezoelectric AgNbO 3 and (Ag 1-xK x)NbO 3 solid solutions. Solid State Communications, 152 (17). pp. 1707-1710. ISSN 0038-1098

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We present an ab-initio study of structural, electronic and ferroic properties of lead-free orthorhombic AgNbO 3 in centrosymmetric Pbcm and recently proposed noncentrosymmetric Pmc2 1 space group symmetries. The calculated polarization of AgNbO 3 in Pmc2 1 phase is ∼0.09 μC/cm 2, whereas it is 55.9 μC/cm 2 in the ideal cubic phase. The large polarization of AgNbO 3 in the ideal cubic structure is attributed to off-centering of Ag as well as Nb ions at the A and B sites, respectively. In our calculations both phases (Pmc2 1 and Pbcm) of AgNbO 3 show small relative energy difference (∼0.1 meV/f.u), thus suggesting the coexistence of centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric phases and thereby antiferroelectric and ferroelctric order in room temperature AgNbO 3 polycrystals. We further study structural properties and spontaneous polarization in orthorhombic Pmc2 1 Ag 1-xK xNbO 3 solid solutions. The calculated spontaneous polarization of AgNbO 3 is enhanced due to suppression of NbO 6 octahedral tilt angles as K ion is substituted at Ag sites. Our study suggests that appropriate cation substitution should indeed result in the improvement of ferroelectric properties of lead-free AgNbO 3

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Asthana, Saket
Niranjan, Manish KUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: A.Ferroelectrics; A. Oxides; D. Spontaneous polarization; E. Ab-initio calculations
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 04:14
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2017 10:00
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