Understanding spray and atomization characteristics of butanol isomers and isooctane under engine like hot injector body conditions

Kale, Rakesh and Banerjee, Raja (2019) Understanding spray and atomization characteristics of butanol isomers and isooctane under engine like hot injector body conditions. Fuel, 237. pp. 191-201. ISSN 00162361

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Spray characterization of GDI injectors is of significant importance as it influences the overall engine performance and its emissions. Spray morphology under various engine like conditions influences engine design. Vapor bubbles are formed inside liquid droplets when hot fuel is injected into the sub-saturation pressure conditions leading to flash boiling of GDI sprays. This dramatically alters the spray morphology and therefore needs to be understood thoroughly. A spray undergoing flash boiling experiences catastrophic breakup of the liquid jet resulting in fine atomization which in turn enhances droplet evaporation. However, spray structure is significantly altered under such conditions. In the present work, effect of hot injector body was studied to understand flash boiling behaviour of alcohol fuels and which were then compared to isooctane spray characteristics under similar conditions. Experiments were performed at five different injector temperatures: 298 K, 373 K, 423 K, 473 K and 523 K. Significant difference in spray morphology was observed when the fuel temperature was increased. Reduction in overall spray cone angle was observed with increase in temperature for all the fuels considered in this study. Vapour penetration lengths increased with increase in temperature, whereas liquid penetration initially increased and then decreased significantly due to higher evaporation rate. PDPA data showed significant reduction in SMD and AMD when the temperature was raised from 298 K to 423 K. SMD for n-butanol, isobutanol and isooctane reduced by 58.45%, 54.51% and 64.87%, respectively. Similarly, AMD reduced by 65.58%, 57.12% and 74.24%, respectively.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Banerjee, Rajahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7163-1470
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flash-boiling, Alcohols, Liquid penetration, Vapour penetration, PDPA, Indexed in Scopus and WoS
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2019 06:01
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 06:01
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/6606
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.09.142
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