Evaporation of ethanol-water sessile droplet of different compositions at an elevated substrate temperature

Gurrala, Pradeep and Katre, Pallavi and Balusamy, Saravanan and et al, . (2019) Evaporation of ethanol-water sessile droplet of different compositions at an elevated substrate temperature. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 145. p. 118770. ISSN 00179310

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We experimentally investigate the evaporation dynamics of sessile droplets with different compositions of ethanol-water binary mixture at different substrate temperatures. At room temperature, a binary droplet undergoes two distinct evaporation stages unlike only the pinned stage evaporation for pure droplets. In the binary droplets, the more volatile ethanol evaporates faster leading to a nonlinear trend in the evaporation process. At elevated substrate temperature, we observed an early spreading stage, an intermediate pinned stage and a late receding stage of evaporation. Increasing the substrate temperature decreases the lifetime of binary droplets rapidly. At high substrate temperature, we found that the lifetime of the droplet exhibits a non-monotonic trend with the increase in ethanol concentration in the binary mixture, which can be attributed to the non-ideal behaviour of water-ethanol binary mixtures. Interestingly, the evaporation dynamics for different compositions at high substrate temperature exhibits a self-similar trend showing a constant normalised volumetric evaporation rate for the entire evaporation process. This indicates that the evaporation dynamics of a binary droplet of a given composition at high substrate temperature is equivalent to that of another pure fluid with a higher volatility at room temperature. The evaporation rates of pure and binary droplets at different substrate temperatures are compared against a theoretical model developed for pure and binary mixture droplets. The model predictions are found to be quite satisfactory for the steady evaporation phase of the droplet lifetimes.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Balusamy, SaravananUNSPECIFIED
Banerjee, SayakUNSPECIFIED
Sahu, Kirti Chandrahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7357-1141
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indexed in Scopus
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 09:24
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2019 09:24
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/6509
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.1...
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