Reduced ordered modelling of time delay systems using galerkin approximations and eigenvalue decomposition

Chakraborty, Sayan and Kandala, Shanti Swaroop and Vyasarayani, C P (2019) Reduced ordered modelling of time delay systems using galerkin approximations and eigenvalue decomposition. International Journal of Dynamics and Control, 7 (3). pp. 1065-1083. ISSN 2195-268X

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In this paper, an r-dimensional reduced-order model (ROM) for infinite-dimensional delay differential equations (DDEs) is developed. The eigenvalues of the ROM match the r rightmost characteristic roots of the DDE with a user-specified tolerance of ε. Initially, the DDE is approximated by an N-dimensional set of ordinary differential equations using Galerkin approximations. However, only Nc(< N) eigenvalues of this N-dimensional model match (with a tolerance of ε) the rightmost characteristic roots of the DDEs. By performing numerical simulations, an empirical relationship for Nc is obtained as a function of N and ε for a scalar DDE with multiple delays. Using eigenvalue decomposition, an r(= Nc) dimensional model is constructed. First, an appropriate r is chosen, and then the minimum value of N at which at least r roots converge is selected. For each of the test cases considered, the time and frequency responses of the original DDE obtained using direct numerical simulations are compared with the corresponding r- and N-dimensional systems. By judiciously selecting r, solutions of the ROM and DDE match closely. Next, an r-dimensional model is developed for an experimental 3D hovercraft in the presence of delay. The time responses of the r-dimensional model compared favorably with the experimental results.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Vyasarayani, Chandrika Prakash
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eigenvalue decomposition, Galerkin approximation, Model order reduction, Time delay, Indexed in Scopus
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 07:39
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 05:22
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